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Deep Learning vs. Machine Learning – What are the Differences?

To most people, the terms machine learning and deep learning seem like interchangeable buzzwords. However, there is a big difference between the two: deep learning is a subset of machine learning.

Machine learning is a field of artificial intelligence that deals with the construction and study of algorithms that can learn from and make predictions on data. Deep learning, on the other hand, is a machine learning technique that uses a deep neural network to learn from data that is modeled on the human brain.

Deep Learning Vs. Machine Learning: 5 Key Differences

By 2027, the market for deep learning is expected to be worth $44.3 billion, with a CAGR of 39.2%, as per Reportlinker. A similar report by PwC predicts that by 2030, AI could be as much as $15.7 trillion market alone, providing millions of jobs in today’s fast-changing economy.

Machine Learning and Deep learning are both forms of AI that are used in different environments. Here are five key differences between deep learning and machine learning:

Deep learning is a subset of machine learning

Deep learning is a subset of machine learning that is concerned with algorithms inspired by the structure and function of the brain called artificial neural networks. It is a part of a broader family of machine learning methods based on artificial neural networks.

Deep learning can learn from data that is unstructured or unlabeled, making it a powerful tool for data mining and predictive modeling. Today, deep learning serves as a powerful tool for solving complex problems such as image recognition and natural language processing.

Deep learning can learn without supervision

Deep learning can learn without supervision, unlike machine learning. It can learn from data that is not labeled or categorized, and this is a powerful ability because it allows the algorithm to learn from data that would otherwise be unusable. Deep learning can also learn from data in a different format than the training data, which is why it is widely used in programs such as image or object recognition.

Deep learning is more accurate than machine learning

The deep learning algorithms can learn and understand more complex and varied data than the data used to train machine learning models. Learning from such data allows deep learning models to better capture the underlying patterns in the data, resulting in more accurate predictions.

Additionally, deep learning models are often able to learn from data more effectively than machine learning models because they are able to learn multiple levels of representation. Because of this, the algorithms can learn features at different abstraction levels, allowing them to better capture the relationships between data points.

Deep learning is more computationally expensive than machine learning

Deep learning is a neural network approach to machine learning that is more computationally expensive than other machine learning methods. It requires more data and more computational power than other machine learning methods but can learn more complex patterns. Additionally, deep learning algorithms require unstructured and unlabeled data to learn from than machine learning algorithms to better understand the objects and their relationship with the world.

Deep learning requires more training time

Because deep learning requires more layers of neural networks, it generally requires more training time than machine learning. For example, a deep learning algorithm might need to be trained on a large dataset for several days or weeks in order to learn from the data and improve its performance. Machine learning algorithms, on the other hand, can often get by with fewer data.

Understood the Difference – Now, which one is better for my project?

Of course, there is no one-size-fits-all answer, and you may need to use both deep learning and machine learning in your project. But, in general, deep learning is better for learning complex patterns in data, while machine learning is better for making predictions about new data.

Deep learning is well-suited for tasks that require complex pattern recognition, such as image classification, object detection, and natural language processing. It can also be used for predictive maintenance, fraud detection, and other time-series analysis tasks.

Machine learning, on the other hand, is more versatile and can be used for a wider range of tasks, such as regression, clustering, and outlier detection.


Deep learning and machine learning are both types of artificial intelligence that are used today to help teach computers to do tasks and make decisions in the same way that a human would. While the two terms are often used interchangeably, they are two very different things.

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